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Trusting Mayor Pete

His inaugural speech was all about unity. They were conventional sentiments, which would have been immediately forgettable, had the need for them not been so acute. After a difficult year, a bitterly contested election, and an outbreak of mob violence within the Capitol itself, conventional platitudes could feel genuinely inspired. Of course, no sensible person really believes that our 46th president has the wherewithal to broker a peace in America’s raging culture wars.

Joe Biden is an old man, stepping into the shoes of another old man. We are determined, it seems, to be ruled by old men, perhaps in part because our nation has become so intensely polarized that “consensus candidates” are difficult to find among the young. Elderly politicians had the opportunity to build name recognition in a more normal era, when political rivals were at least somewhat able to set business aside while they went for a drink. For younger politicians, it has been difficult to break into the ranks of the political elite without courting support from one or another camp of ideological zealots. As common ground dwindles, gerontocracy rises, because elderly candidates are the only ones who seem sufficiently electable. This trend does not bode well for the future.

An Electable Moderate?

Young moderates should excite our interest in such a moment. Populist base-beating has grown boring and predictable. Anything, it seems, can inflame political passions nowadays. Moderates are the ones who are truly running the political gauntlet in our time, weighing each word and gingerly turning each phrase, endlessly striving to hit the sweet spot between “inflammatory” and “milquetoast.”

On the right, we can see Marco Rubio and Nikki Haley reaching for the moderate mantle. On the left, there is Pete Buttigieg, the 39-year-old wunderkind from South Bend, IN. His new book, Trust, is obviously meant to bolster his credentials as a left-leaning moderate. It is boring, like most books (ostensibly) authored by politicians. Even so, it offers some clues as to Buttigieg’s suitability for the role he obviously aspires to: that of the moderate consensus candidate.

Buttigieg emerged as a surprise sensation in the 2020 Democratic primaries. In an absurdly overcrowded field of contenders, he somehow managed to be a serious contender, shocking everyone with a big win in Iowa. Some Americans found it difficult to take him seriously. On a stage with other Democratic contenders, he seemed like someone’s wonky little brother. His profile was intriguingly outside-the-box, however. He was Harvard-educated, but had also served in the military. He was a white man from a privileged background, but also the mayor of a Midwestern town. He went to church, but he was gay. And he came out of nowhere. Who had even heard of Pete Buttigieg prior to 2019?

I, for one, had heard of him. I personally knew Buttigieg two decades ago, as an undergraduate at Notre Dame. I took a class with his mother, and on the weekends I would sometimes see him at my parents’ house, because he was a high school friend of my sister’s. Some things change over the years: He went by “Peter” back then, and he had not yet come out as gay. Many things stay the same though. The Peter I recall was earnest, ambitious, and well-spoken. Those still seem to be among his most defining traits. He still affects a kind of eagerness to please, which is genteel but also feels slightly obsequious. He was self-possessed, and his sense of humor was dry. I remember him stepping into the entryway of my parents’ house one Sunday afternoon, remarking with a bemused expression, “You know, it seems like every time I come here, your family is gathered around the piano singing hymns of praise to God.”

Within the Biden Administration, Buttigieg will be 14th in line for the presidency as the new transportation secretary. It seems quite possible that he could serve the rest of his life as some sort of party functionary, which might really be optimal for his health and personal happiness. Undoubtedly though, he still thirsts for presidential glory. It’s possible that ambition might press him into giving up on his image moderation, aligning himself instead with one or another camp of populist zealots. That certainly would be the easiest way to climb the crag.

To survive as a moderate in our time, you have to be tough as nails. If you can’t take a stand against your own party’s extremists, you might as well be one.

Obama never got past his deeply patronizing “god and guns” view of America’s other half. Buttigieg could easily end up in a similar place, and if that happens, his success in healing division will probably mirror Obama’s.

It is just possible, however, that Buttigieg might succeed, emerging from the cesspool of contemporary politics as an electable moderate. He won’t have my vote, but I would not necessarily be sorry to see this happen. That isn’t only because I remember his parents with some measure of fondness. It’s also because I believe that Buttigieg is by nature a compromiser more than a zealot. He likes it when people get along. Also, his background gives him at least some framework for understanding the sorts of compromises that would be needed to help Americans find that badly-needed solidarity. Buttigieg is very much a creature of the left, but he isn’t per se repulsed by Mormon families gathered around a piano, singing hymns of praise to God.

Trust We Can Believe In

Very little of this makes its way to the pages of Trust. For the most part, the book is run-of-the-mill leftist pabulum, with plenty of minor provocations for the conservative reader. We hear a lot about structural racism, #metoo, and the scourge of Republican “voter suppression.” Several pages are devoted to a sophomoric dismissal of small-government conservatism. (Why, Buttigieg wonders, would a strong leader like Ronald Reagan set himself against big government? It’s a mystery.) Right-wing conspiracy theorists, neo-conservative warmongers, and climate denialists are all duly taken to task. One particularly weird passage airs the possibility that America may need a “truth and reconciliation” process to recover from the Trump Administration, similar to what countries like Rwanda have used to facilitate social healing following genocidal violence. It is amusing indeed to imagine Buttigieg in a room full of MAGA conservatives, trying to start the sharing circle.

It’s all quite silly, but there is little point in being irritated. Books like this are the political theorist’s equivalent of hotel-room décor. They are supposed to read like a well-honed College Democrat manifesto, enabling already-sympathetic readers to traipse from cover to cover without feeling challenged or uncomfortable in any way. An interesting book, which meaningfully contributed to an ongoing conversation, would inevitably offend some segment of readers. For an aspiring moderate, few things could be worse.

In short, this book is not worth reading if your goal is to learn more about restoring trust in America. Even so, it is somewhat noteworthy that Buttigieg chose this topic for his anodyne political tract. It is at this point a widely recognized fact that trust is a disappearing commodity in our nation, especially among the young. We don’t trust our fellow citizens as much as we used to, and we trust our leaders and institutions even less. This is a real problem. Trust is a necessary precondition for virtually any productive cooperative activity. It also contributes massively to individual health and happiness. No one wants to live in a world where everyone seems to be out to get them. Beyond that, we live in a massively complex society in which we constantly rely on people we have never met to handle our food or medication properly, to secure our utilities and financial records, and to keep our bridges from falling down. Without trust, life in such a world is simply miserable. We can hardly avoid becoming paranoid and embittered.

Trust won’t make any progress in restoring America’s trust, given how much blame it heaps on the political right. Still, it’s something that Buttigieg’s broad-spectrum diagnosis of our society’s ills focuses primarily on polarization itself, instead of fuming about the contemptible revanchism of Trumpian deplorables. In itself, that will not be enough to broker meaningful compromise. Barack Obama sometimes offered the political right rhetorical gestures in the guise of an olive branch, but he never got past his deeply patronizing “god and guns” view of America’s other half. Buttigieg could easily end up in a similar place, and if that happens, his success in healing division will probably mirror Obama’s.

I can still see a few reasons to hope for better. Buttigieg isn’t as fresh-faced now as the Peter I remember, but he is still young, with time to nuance his perspective. Already, his background gives him advantages over most other Democratic politicians. His father, a Maltese-American Marxist from a large Catholic family, had complex views on religion, but the roots clearly ran deep. It is interesting indeed that Buttigieg himself chose to serve in the American military, which is by no means a typical ladder-climbing move for an aspiring Democratic politician. And even though Trust gives many bland hat-tips to the woke, it also includes a few more thoughtful passages, in which the author shows some appreciation of the real challenges that militant “inclusion” creates within a large and diverse nation. In one passage, Buttigieg remarks on the fact that America’s Founding Fathers were white, Christian men. We expect him to go on to lambast the patriarchy for its arrogant privilege, but instead he comments that those similarities of background probably made it easier for the Founders to govern effectively. Another passage comments on how military discipline made it easier for people who didn’t even know one another to function as an effective unit. That’s not quite the kumbayah message we expect from a Democratic politician.

America’s culture wars are multifaceted, but some of the most intractable center around the significance of sex. What does it mean? What moral principles should govern our sexual practices? Both progressive liberals and religious conservatives are deeply invested in these questions, and their views are so widely divergent that a workable modus vivendi can seem entirely beyond reach. Somehow we have to find one, though, if our children and grandchildren are to live together. Neither cultural group has enough power or influence to obliterate the other.

Buttigieg is a gay man who wants to be a great compromiser. It would be foolish to trust him, but might we be audacious enough to hope that he has some positive role to play? At some point, old men pass on, and wonky younger brothers step into their place. Buttigieg is hardly a visionary, but America could probably do worse.

Reader Discussion

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on February 17, 2021 at 08:45:44 am

It is astonishing and alarming that “moderate” here means someone who prefers a gradualist approach to Marxism. It is telling that Lu thinks the acknowledgement that similarities of background and the usefulness of military discipline being useful for governing illustrate “thoughtfulness;” outside of very limited contexts they are the part of the enforced conformity of totalitarianism.

There can be no compromise between people who believe in individual liberty and people who accept political doctrines that fundamentally oppose it; that’s not because of inattention to civility or lack of moderation, it’s because these are completely incompatible. Meeting the left partway only expands the ever-growing power of the state over our lives.

Lu’s review is unfortunately devoid of principle and nonsensical.

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Charles N. Steele
on February 17, 2021 at 12:51:57 pm

No doubt, desiring to be One Nation Under God, And Thus, Indivisible, With Liberty And Justice For All, is not compatible with Marxism, in any way, shape, or form:

“The first requisite of the happiness of the people is the abolition of religion” (“A Criticism of the Hegelian Philosophy of Right,” 1844). Christianity, of course, is rooted in theism and is all about God. In the Marxist model, the state becomes the provider, sustainer, protector, and lawgiver for every citizen; in short, the state is viewed as God. Christians always appeal to a higher authority—the God of the universe—and Marxist governments don’t like the idea of there being any authority higher than themselves.”

“Call no man your father on earth, for you have One Father, Who Is In Heaven.”
https://www.gotquestions.org/Marxism-Christian.html

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N.D.
on February 17, 2021 at 09:07:22 am

What an inane review! What a pygmy subject!
Why would any person of intelligence and self-regard bother to read a book or an article by or about such a little man?
In deference to the brevity of life, why would anyone who is cultured, educated, and well-read in politics, history, literature or law devote any time or pay the slightest attention to such a pipsqeak as Buttigieg?
In recognition of the abundance of topics worthy of serious discussion, why would any writer (not pandering to Democrats) bother to write a book review about such a Lilliputian and why would a web site (not pandering to Democrats) publish such a review among its review of books?

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Timothy
on February 17, 2021 at 09:50:02 am

The first comment, posted by Charles N. Steele, provides an argument; a reasoned argument. His first paragraph describes the basis for his negative opinion of Rachel Lu's review. The second paragraph provides background for his opposition to "enforced conformity of totalitarianism.

This comment, posted by Timothy, is (or seems to me to be) composed of assertions, anger, and personal insults. If he has a case to argued, this post does not serve it well.

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Latecomer
on February 17, 2021 at 15:52:14 pm

Obviuosly you don't get it. Why bother to "argue a case" against a political poltroon who has no case to make and proves it everytime he opens his mouth. Rationally debating political values with the politically valueless or cultural foundations with the culturally destructive or moral norms with an immoral/amoral/moral relativist is an utter waste of time, as is reading or reviewing a book by such a lowly-worm.

Ad hominem? You betcha. That's all Buttigieg deserves.
Only a fool or a Democrat (but I repeat myself) would grant him more.

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Timothy
on February 17, 2021 at 10:41:59 am

Either I am going insane or Rachel Lu has a problem with logic and facts. Rubio, Haley, and Pete are not moderates of any kind. They are people who believe that individuals should be ruled by their betters and that our rights come from government, not our humanity. Buttigieg is a moral homunculus who has been shaped by a misguided education that is based on political narratives and falsehoods. Her article leads me to question what it is that they teach at the Cornell philosophy department.

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Vangel Vesovski
on February 17, 2021 at 12:40:29 pm

One cannot be a moderate if one desires to render onto Caesar or oneself what belongs to God, The Most Holy And Undivided Blessed Trinity, Through The Unity Of The Holy Ghost, The Author Of Love, Of Life, And Of Marriage and thus The Author Of Our Inherent, Unalienable Right To Life, To Liberty, And To The Pursuit Of Happiness, the purpose of which can only be what God Intended.

“Call no man your father on earth, for you have one Father, Who Is In Heaven.”

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N.D.
on February 17, 2021 at 15:16:33 pm

Perhaps I shouldn't be surprised that some people work up such a fury over Pete Buttigieg and generously extend their rage to the reviewer of his book. But it's always interesting to see someone in the grip of his own passions. I haven't read Buttigieg's book (and probably won't), but I expect Lu's strictures are pretty much on target. Probably one will find more penetrating analyses in the work of people who make that their life work (there have been several essays recently on Christopher Lasch)--such people don't have to worry about whether an opinion they express will come back to bite them when they run for office and hence they speak their minds (and have minds to speak). But one shouldn't underestimate this genre. Barry Goldwater's Conscience of a Conservative certainly had an impact! Basically, I find Lu's point and tone appealing: to be a moderate these days you have to be "tough as nails." You can expect those full of a passionate intensity to ransack their vocabulary for terms of abuse, and you can't expect much in the way of reasoned debate that might actually advance collective insight. But I do hope some younger moderates will break out of the pack. I'm an old man myself, but I really think it's time for some new perspectives--ones formed later than the 1950s.

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Donald Marshall
on February 17, 2021 at 16:47:40 pm

Mr. Marshall, with all due respect, how does one have a moderate view on such issues as, for example, slavery, abortion, or respect for the Sanctity of the marital act within The Sacrament of Holy Matrimony, without deny the inherent essence of being in essence, from the moment of conception, a beloved son or daughter?

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N.D.
on February 18, 2021 at 11:49:49 am

Trust In God, The Most Holy And Undivided Blessed Trinity, The Author Of Love, Of Life, And Of Marriage, Through The Unity Of The Holy Ghost. Christ never said it would be easy, He only said it would be worth it.
Never, then, give up on a Loving friendship that serves only for the Good of oneself and the other, for Christ Has Revealed Through His Life, His Passion, and His Death On The Cross, That No Greater Love Is There Than This- Perfect Love, Is Desiring Salvation for one’s beloved.

Rachel, I hope Mayor Pete will continue to call you friend, and you will continue to desire that he, like all your beloved, will soon come to rejoice, give praise, and believe in The Transforming Power and The Glory Of Perfect Life-affirming and Life-sustaining Salvational Love, God’s Gift Of Grace And Mercy, available to all who desire to accept Christ’s Call: “ Come and See”. There Is Only One Jesus The Christ.

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N.D.
on February 18, 2021 at 18:12:45 pm

Whatever we may think of Mayor Pete, Ms. Lu's review was not really intended to be fully even handed, just not so rabid that it might fall within the purview of QAnon. For me, when she said: "It’s all quite silly, but there is little point in being irritated. Books like this are the political theorist’s equivalent of hotel-room décor." I felt that redeemed any other shortcomings in her essay.

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R2L
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